Call to Arms: Overcoming Barriers to Adolescent Vaccination in Primary Care

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Support for this activity has been provided through an educational grant from Merck.

Release date: 12/30/2015
Expiration date: 12/30/2016
Estimated time to complete: 1 hour


In this edition of RME Hot Seat, Drs. Amy Middleman, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, and Joseph Bocchini, Jr. answer your clinical questions on topics relating to adolescent vaccination. Among the topics addressed are current vaccination recommendations, cervical cancer and HPV vaccination, use of influenza vaccines, overcoming vaccine hesitancy in parents, and countering common vaccination myths. The activity also includes downloadable information relating to adolescent vaccination.


Amy B. Middleman, MD, MSEd, MPH—Program Chair
Professor of Pediatrics
Chief, Section of Adolescent Medicine
Oklahoma University Children’s Physicians
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Joseph A. Bocchini, Jr, MD, FAAP
Professor of Pediatrics
Chairman, Department of Pediatrics
Louisiana State University Health Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana

Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of pediatricians and primary care providers—physicians, nurse practitioners (NPs), and physician assistants (PAs)—involved in providing vaccinations to adolescents at risk for communicable diseases.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Describe routine recommendations for vaccination of adolescents based on the current Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) guidelines
  • Identify adolescents who are at increased risk for vaccine-preventable diseases and thus should be vaccinated
  • Describe the different vaccines licensed in the United States for adolescents
  • Provide solutions to patients and physicians to improve vaccination rates

Accreditation and Credit Designation

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of Penn State College of Medicine and RedMedEd. Penn State College of Medicine is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Penn State College of Medicine designates this symposium for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Penn State College of Medicine is committed to offering CME programs that promote improvements or quality in health care and are developed free of the control of commercial interests. Reasonable efforts have been taken to ensure that our programs are balanced, independent, objective, scientific, and in compliance with regulatory requirements. Faculty, course directors, and planners have disclosed relevant financial relationships with commercial companies, and Penn State has a process in place to resolve any conflict of interest. Disclosure of a relationship is not intended to suggest or condone bias but is made to provide participants with information that might be of importance to their evaluation of this educational activity. Disclosures are as follows:

Amy B. Middleman, MD, MSEd, MPH, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Joseph A. Bocchini, Jr, MD, FAAP, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationship:
Research Grant: Merck

Penn State College of Medicine
Penn State College of Medicine staff involved in the development and review of this activity have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Denise C. LaTemple, PhD, Director of Scientific Services, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Lauren Showers, Project Manager, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships. 
Jonathan S. Simmons, ELS, Senior Managing Editor, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Karen Smith, Creative Director, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Unapproved Product Use

This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Penn State College of Medicine, RedMedEd, and Merck do not recommend the use of any agent outside the labeled indications.


The information presented in this activity is for continuing medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician regarding diagnosis and treatment of a specific patient’s medical condition.

The opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of Penn State College of Medicine, RedMedEd, or Merck. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.

Method of Participation

There are no fees to participate in the activity. To receive CME credit, participants must review all activity information (including the learning objectives, disclosure statements, and content) and complete the posttest and program evaluation. Certificates can be printed immediately.

For questions regarding CME credit, contact Penn State Continuing Education at (717) 531-6483 or Please reference activity code G5804-16-T.

Hardware/Software Requirements

  • Apple iPad or iPad mini (iOS 8 or higher) with an Internet connection
  • A computer with an Internet connection
    • Internet browser (PC): Google Chrome, Internet Explorer 9 or higher, or Firefox 26 or higher
    • Internet browser (Mac): Google Chrome, Firefox 26 or higher, or Safari 5 or higher
    • Additional software: Adobe Flash Player and/or an HTML 5-capable browser is required for video or audio playback; Adobe Acrobat Reader may occasionally be required


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